Summary: The political agreement reached between the European Parliament, the Council of Ministers of the European Union and the European Commission is expected to lead to significant changes that mark the starting point of the European policy designed to address the challenges of the security of food supplies, climate change, growth and employment in rural regions. In this aspect, this paper focuses on the reform that is being carried out by CAP in 2013 in the context of the new pro¬gramming period 2014-2020. Priority is given to forthcoming changes in the Bulgarian agricultural sector regarding the implementation of the future Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) of the European Union. It has been proposed to group changes in CAP, which would facilitate the inclusion of the adjusted measures in designing agrarian policy in Bulgaria. The upcoming reform is aimed at achieving a more equitable distribution of resources. It is expected that each member state of the Com-munity should not receive less than 75% of the (average) funds provided by the European Union. The new rules will come into force from January 2014.
Summary: From a conceptual point of view, this research is dedicated to one of the most disputed problems in the methodology of contemporary intersystem transformations – systematic balance ambiguity, or the “divergence – convergence of global development.” From a compositional point of view, research on this topic has consisted of two main directions: (1) an analysis of global development asymmetry that has activated gravitational processes in geoeconomic space; and (2) a direction that focuses on the profound study of the causes for heterogeneity in geo-economic space and divergence in global development under the influence of gravitational factors of nature on the endog-enous-exogenous axis. Empirical analyses have revealed systemic determinants of gravitational processes in geo-economic space, a geo-strategic matrix of divergence in global development has been constructed, and Ukrainian geo-strategic positions in geo-economic space regarding the projection of problems in global intersystem transformations have been outlined. The hypothesis that the level of gravitational charge grows under conditions involving the deepening of global development asymmetries has been proved.
Summary: This research, with which we aim to penetrate through the Covid-19 fog, consists of four chapters.
In chapter one, very concisely, we identify the consequences of the 2008 crisis.
In chapter two, we have searched for biblical proof and philosophical explanations of the pandemic, upgraded with a paradox of the capitalist economic system. We have provided a graphical representation of the impact of the pandemic, different from the “V”, “U”, “L” and “I”- shaped interpretations.
Chapter three adopts a thesis by Renaud Girard, but we have also made an independent overview of the weaknesses of three ideologies. Furthermore, we have added to the G-20 recommendation for the restoration of transborder commerce.
Chapter four offers a second, author’s variant for graphical representation of overcoming the consequences of the pandemic. It is emphasized that it is not a one-season phenomenon. We have synthesized the damage caused to each sector and profession in the world. We claim that the structure of product range depends on the structure of consumer demand and the changes in the new environment. Therefore, the key word is “Transformation”.
These are followed by thoughts and conclusions divided into three major characteristics of the pandemic and four models of human behavior. We propose new organizational and structural changes for the firms, enterprises, and corporations. We argue that management now tends to be based on algorithms, protocols, and economic platforms.
Summary: The article comprises four sections – an introductory executive summary; a discussion of the Neo-classical concept of the Great Silk Road in Part One; the response of the USA and the EU in Part Two; and a detailed conclusion.
The introduction describes the tectonic shift in the global economic triad (in the past, the present and the future) underlining the dynamic trends in the economic mainstream.
Part One presents an analysis of the revival of the Silk Road and its substantiation through the One Belt – One Road initiative and justifies its multi-vector diversification.
Part One discusses the negative implications of the Rust Belt in The United States of America. Having failed to undermine China’s initiative, the US launched their Blue Dot Network project whi9le the EU modified the original initiative into a European Silk Road.
The extended conclusion reviews the second- and third-level synthesis to define the Belt Economy as an economic trend such as the digital, entrepreneurial, partnership, narrative, etc. types of economy.
Summary: The article presents a theoretical analysis of the causes for inter-regional disparities and an empirical study on the impact of the EU Cohesion Policy on the standard of living in Bulgaria. It also gives some recommendations for maximizing the beneficial effect of this policy on the regions in our country. The author defends the thesis that the economic imbalances among regions cause social and demographic ones. Accordingly, the study focuses on the economic inter-regional differences and the way they are affected by the Cohesion (Regional) policy of the European Union as a tool utilized by the Community to achieve economic and social cohesion.
Summary: The article analyzes the historical development of the Cohesion (Regional) Policy of the European Union and outlines the main challenges and perspectives facing it. Recommendations are formulated for its improvement in the future.