Summary: The main function of the state in nowadays-civilized world is to maintain the macro-economic proportions throughout the country and avoid financial and economic crises in regions that have priority in the formation of the new economic system in Georgia.
The object of the research is the formation and use of Budget policy of Georgia;
One of the most problematic places is socio-economic development of territorial units;
As a result of the research it is shown that current economic and political system’s radical transformation process, creation of new economic system and ensuring its efficiency, requires mobilization of huge financial resources, which is impossible without proper functioning of the financial mechanism. This in turn requires implementation of sufficient financial and economic policy. The government should take responsibility of supporting financial-economic independence for territorial units.
In the future, the proposed forms of financial mechanisms and features of use for the arrangement and territorial integrity of the government.
Summary: The article presents the results of a study on budget decentralisation and its effects on the development of municipalities and the industrial business. The objective is to reveal the relationship and interdependence between municipalities’ own-source revenues, which are characteristic of their financial and investment policies, and the extent to which industries are developed on their territories. The development of the industrial business is not directly affected, however, by the investment policy of the municipalities. Nevertheless, it contributes greatly to the increase of their own-source revenues.
Summary: The paper focuses on issues related to the procedure for determining the different types of budget balance in compliance with the consolidated fiscal programme (CFP) and the national budget, and their economic interpretation. The paper also specifies that the numeric value which states the difference between the value of receipts and the value of outlays depends on the absolute sum of expenditure on interest payments on internal and external loans. The dynamics of the difference between the values of receipts and outlays under the CFP and under the national budget is analysed. We prove that the rate of change in the consolidated cash budget balance does not match the rate of change in the cash balance on the national budget. We also identify the relation between analysed balance variables and the reference values approved by the Maastricht Treaty and set in the Public Finance Act. An analysis is made of the effect which the rate of change in the nominal value of receipts and outlays exercises on the dynamics of analysed cash budget balances. Finally, we arrive at the conclusion that the value and the relative share of the budget balance in the GDP do not pose a threat to public finance stability.