Summary: The main function of the state in nowadays-civilized world is to maintain the macro-economic proportions throughout the country and avoid financial and economic crises in regions that have priority in the formation of the new economic system in Georgia.
The object of the research is the formation and use of Budget policy of Georgia;
One of the most problematic places is socio-economic development of territorial units;
As a result of the research it is shown that current economic and political system’s radical transformation process, creation of new economic system and ensuring its efficiency, requires mobilization of huge financial resources, which is impossible without proper functioning of the financial mechanism. This in turn requires implementation of sufficient financial and economic policy. The government should take responsibility of supporting financial-economic independence for territorial units.
In the future, the proposed forms of financial mechanisms and features of use for the arrangement and territorial integrity of the government.
Summary: The article presents the results of a study on budget decentralisation and its effects on the development of municipalities and the industrial business. The objective is to reveal the relationship and interdependence between municipalities’ own-source revenues, which are characteristic of their financial and investment policies, and the extent to which industries are developed on their territories. The development of the industrial business is not directly affected, however, by the investment policy of the municipalities. Nevertheless, it contributes greatly to the increase of their own-source revenues.
Summary: The paper highlights the specific features of inter-jurisdictional tax competition, and the related positive effects and risks. It analyzes the tax policy of the Bulgarian local authorities and discusses the factors limiting the inter-jurisdictional tax competition in our country. On the basis of specific data on the dynamics of the rates of key local taxes, it is argued that there is lack of a targeted policy of attracting and retaining a tax base through the manipulation of tax rates. It is concluded that the tax rates of the local taxes in Bulgaria are most often at the average of the legally defined upper and lower limits. It is supported that the low value of the ratio Revenues and aids in the municipal budgets / GDP does not motivate entrepreneurs to invest in a particular jurisdiction because of the differences in the absolute amount of local taxes.
Summary: The study aims to determine the progress of the central and municipal administrations and their attitudes towards the process of decentralization in Greece; their competences and attitudes regarding decentralization; the degree of completion of decentralization; and the enhancement of the qualification of the central and municipal administrations. The study is based on a questionnaire which included questions regarding the opinion and the attitudes of the administration towards the process decentralization in Greece. The survey was conducted with 95 civil servants. The results outline certain difficulties in the decentralization process as well as ways to overcome them.
Summary: The European Charter of Local Self-Government, which was ratified by almost all European member states, provides for the decentralization of power and the transfer of competences and financial resources to local communities as well as extends local authorities’ tax collection and budgetary spending responsibilities. In reality, however, the increased spending responsibilities and the limited self-financing powers of the municipalities in our country raise the question of the degree of their dependence on the cen¬tral government. This paper presents a survey which aims to measure and assess the degree of tax autonomy of local governments in Bulgaria compared to their counterparts from other EU member states by means of a set of indicators and thus to determine one of the effects of fiscal decentralization – lo¬cal self-government’s tax autonomy.